The trawl fishery in Korea was initiated by deploying 8 vessels into the Atlantic Ocean in 1966, and through the steady investment thereafter the fleet grew to 319 in 1976. However, since 1977 when 200-miles exclusive economic zones were declared, the number of vessels has been gradually decreased down to 30 vessels as of the end of 2016. Those vessels are classified as 3 North Pacific trawlers and 27as foreign-based ones; among them 4 vessels are operating in the Pacific, 23 in the Atlantic and 3 in the Antarctiic Ocean as their main fishing grounds.
▲Scene of pulling up trawl net at North Pacific fishing ground
The pollock, the main species caught by trawl fishing in the North Pacific has been highlighted as an important national source of protein supply, but the fishing grounds are being reduced gradually. The quota-fishing and Korea-U.S.A joint fishing projects in the Bering Sea were already closed in the latter part of 1980's, and the trawl fisheries thereafter had been retired only on fishing operations in the high-seas that the entry into Russian water was expedited from 1989. Finally, Korea signed Fisheries Agreement with the USSR in 1991 resulting in successful Pollack fishing.
The number of deep sea trawlers were sharply due to the completion of Atlantic(West Africa) trawlers deduction project, withdrawal of Korean Vessels from Indonesian fishing ground, abolition of the authorizations of Korean trawlers fishing in the Indian Ocean(Somalian), reflagging of Korean trawlers to New Zealand under JV arrangement etc.
The total volume of trawl catch showed 61,546M/T, and export amounted up to US$ 83,951 in 2016.
▲ Drying yard of pollocks by wind
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